Who are the most influential sculptors of the 20th century?

Published on : 21 June 20222 min reading time

The Guitar, the Man in Motion, and the Tower of Figures are some of the metaphorical sculptures that have marked their time! Controversial, aesthetic, and revolutionary, these works created by influential sculptors have made their entry into history and have passed to posterity.

The illustrious Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso was born in Spain on October 25, 1881, and is recognized as a talented sculptor, painter, ceramist, and printmaker. With an exceptional gift for art, he studied at La Guarda in A Coruña and then in Barcelona at the School of Fine Arts. Around 1904, Picasso moved to Paris, more precisely to the Bateau-Lavoir. In 1907, he created “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon”, a painting that marked the birth of modern art. Then, a few years later, he invented cubism with the help of Georges Braque. Generally, the works that made him most famous are The Guitar (1912), Guernica (1937), The Weeping Woman (1937) as well as The Chicago Picasso (1967).

The inspirational Umberto Boccioni

Born on October 19, 1882, in Italy, Umberto Boccioni is a famous Italian sculptor, theorist, and painter. He was the main figure of Futurism and the author of numerous manifestos. He was inspired by Divisionism, the Art Nouveau style, and Cubism. The goal was to bring out futurism in his work which is the series of “States of the Soul” in 1911 as well as his sculpture entitled “Unique Forms in the Continuity of Space, Bronze” released around 1913. Among the works that made him known are The City Rises (1911), Dynamism of a Cyclist (1913), The Street Pavers (1914), and Man in Motion (1931).

The creator of Art Brut, Jean Dubuffet

French visual artist, sculptor, and painter, Jean Dubuffet was born in Le Havre on July 31, 1901. He is known as the inventor of an artistic movement whose works are made by self-taught designers or Art Brut. Son of a wine merchant, this artist began his career as a tradesman. At that time, nothing predestined him for painting or sculpture. However, around 1917, he decided to study art with Georges Limbour. In 1942, Jean Dubuffet became a full-time painter and succeeded in exhibiting his major work “Les gardes du corps” at the Drouin Gallery. Later, he exhibited in New York and extended his art to sculpture. Monument à la bête debout (1984), l’Hourloupe (1966), Le Cosmorama IV (1970), are some examples of his most prized works.

Plan du site